The Turbo Grafx 16, known as the PC Engine outside North America. It is a fourth-generation home video game console designed by Hudson Soft and sold by NEC Home Electronics. It was the first console marketed in the fourth generation of game consoles, commonly know as the 16-bit era. Though the console has an 8-bit central processing unit (CPU) coupled with a 16-bit graphics processor. It was release in Japan in 1987 and in North America in 1989. In Europe, the console is know as the PC Engine. After the Japanese model was importe and distributed in the United Kingdom and France from 1988. In Japan, the system was launch as a competitor to the Famicom. But the delayed United States release meant that it ended up competing with the Sega Genesis and later the Super NES.
The Turbo Grafx 16 console has an 8-bit CPU and a dual 16-bit graphics processing unit (GPU) chipset consisting of a video display controller (VDC) and video color encoder. The GPUs are capable of displaying 482 colors simultaneously, out of 512. With dimensions of just 14 cm × 14 cm × 3.8 cm (5.5 in × 5.5 in × 1.5 in). The Japanese PC Engine is the smallest major home game console ever made. Games were release on HuCard cartridges and later the CD-ROM optical format with the TurboGrafx-CD add-on. The “16” in its North American name and the marketing of the console as a 16-bit platform despite having an 8-bit CPU was criticize by some as deceptive.